james 3 commentary

The word of God is not to be alloyed with human speculations, philosophy and opinions, the word itself taking precedence over everything else. James 3:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 3:1, NIV: "Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly." See exegesis of that in my Commentary on Luke, pp. Be not many of you teachers, my brethren, knowing that ye shall receive heavier judgment. This wisdom is not a wisdom that cometh down from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish. [38] Walter W. Wessel, Wycliffe New Testament Commentary (Chicago: Moody Press, 1971), p. 957. 507-509. "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the sons of God" (Matthew 5:9) is the beatitude James certainly had in mind here. Cautions against proud behaviour, and the mischief of an unruly tongue. "The magic of words has played an incalculable part in the long story of human endeavor and human suffering." Not for a moment should it be considered that the translators of the KJV were, in any sense, lacking in zeal, dedication, scholarship or intelligence, being in every such category fully on a parity with the scholarship of our own or of any other generation. "[40] All who teach others should ever be conscious of the fact that a rude or thoughtless word may wound to death an immortal soul. All Rights Reserved. Commentary for James 3 . One … We may indeed thank God who enabled this Christian writer to remember and expound so faithfully the precious words of Jesus himself. Gentleness may thus be opposed to all these. Heavenly wisdom is Commentary on James 3:1-12 View Bible Text . Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. 4. So, these Christians no longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders. Behold how much wood is kindled by how small a fire ... And setteth on fire the wheel of nature ... Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. They cannot claim ignorance because God may just play back a voice recording of them teaching others what they claim ignorance about. [10] It is exactly the same word and usage as in Jesus' reference to God as "perfect" (Matthew 5:48); and for this reason, James' words here should be referred to the New Testament theology of "perfection," unattainable by men, but receivable by them "in Christ," whose absolute and total perfection is available through sinners' believing and obeying the gospel, thus being united with Christ, in Christ, and "as Christ," therefore accounted perfect (Colossians 1:28,29). Taming the Tongue. James 1:3-4 Commentary. In Hebrews 6:3, where the writer said, "we" will stop lingering upon first principles and go on to perfection, he did not, in any sense, mean it as a confession that he himself had been merely a "first principles" Christian. Had not Christ himself said, "By thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned?" A great deal of the teachings of Christ himself, for example the parable of the good Samaritan, had exactly the same purpose as that in view here. Indeed, we put bits in horses’ mouths that they may obey us, and we turn their whole body. The first sentence in this verse is the application of the two illustrations of the bit and the rudder, its power being out of all proportion to its size. The affairs of mankind are thrown into confusion by the tongues of men. However, as pointed out by Vine, the word here is that of Matthew 5:48; James 1:4 (2part) and James 3:2, meaning complete goodness, without necessary reference to maturity. Other sins decay with age, this many times gets worse; we grow more froward and fretful, as natural strength decays, and the days come on in which we have no pleasure. [10] W. E. Vine, Expository Greek Dictionary, Vol. Which defileth the whole body ... Jesus himself mentioned "railing," one of the sins of the tongue, as being among those things which proceed from within, and defile the man (Mark 7:23), and thus James is still inspired, as throughout the epistle, by the exact teachings of the Lord Jesus Christ. "[6] Macknight also indicated that it is in this lesser degree of error that James, "in order to mitigate the harshness of his reproof, here ranked himself among the persons to whom he wrote."[7]. many--The office is a noble one; but few are fit for it. Gibson says this means "forbearance, even under provocation. Here the tremendous thrust of James' teaching is made. For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things, and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind: Tamed ... Vine gives "subdued" as the first meaning of this word, and it would be better understood thus in this place, making it unnecessary to see the passage as hyperbolic. The application this has for teachers was thus presented by Tasker: There is a moral foundation in all true wisdom, there being an utter impossibility of any wicked person being, in any sense, wise. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. However, it is deplorable that here, as in so many similar places, scholars go out of their way to condemn the inaccuracy of the King James Version; and this is as good a place as any to put such "errors" of the KJV in the proper perspective. See my Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians pp. The great honor attached to the work of teaching, as indicated in 1 Corinthians 12:28, where teachers were ranked second only to apostles and prophets, naturally led self-seekers to attempt to teach, whether or not they were qualified. We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. http://www.desiringgod.org/resource-library/conference-messages/james-3-a-story 3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal. James 1:9-11 The Perspective of Rich and Poor. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? "[30] The two titles have only one article, showing that James intended for us to read both titles as pertaining to Jesus Christ our Saviour, attesting his divinity and Godhead. Who is wise and understanding among you? With his now familiar and kind address my brothers, James begins with a specific instruction that not many should become teachers... View the entire commentary . X (Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 1967), p. 220. James 1 Resources. JAMES Faith for Living. Such wisdom comes not down from above, but springs up from earthly principles, acts on earthly motives, and is intent on serving earthly purposes. But that shouldn’t distract preachers from the clear, strong, timely emphasis on the importance of considering the effects of what we say. We will be judged by our words (Matt. Illustration: The noted revivalist, Cowboy Crimm (North Texas and Oklahoma, during the 1930's and 1940's), at San Augustine under a huge tent, preached a rousing sermon on "The Tongue." 4:29) and the power to curse (James 3:9). The affairs of mankind are thrown into confusion by the tongues of men. Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1967), p. 449. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: James seems to be moving in a very different direction after his discourse on works, which concluded, “faith apart from works is dead” (2:14-26). PREVIOUS NEXT. (Matthew 12:37); and did he not also caution his followers against seeking the adulation accorded teachers, saying, "Be not ye called Rabbi (teacher)," etc. (EntityRef: expecting ';' at line 49, ... More James commentaries. Now if ... Punchard criticized this rendition of this introductory remark thus: It is high time that this kind of monkey business on the part of translators was rejected out of hand. [11] E. G. Punchard, Ellicott's Commentary on the Holy Bible, Vol. King Josiah defiled it, and it became a place of refuse and abomination. Gentle ... Paul stressed this, notably in 2 Timothy 2:24. "[31] It would appear, however, that it is not particularly the sins of Jews in cursing Christians that James dealt with, but the habit of some "brethren" engaged in the awful business of cursing men! 4 Or take ships as an example. "Commentary on James 3:4". Vine notes that the word here does not mean satanic, but demonic. Then, depending on Divine grace, let us take heed to bless and curse not; and let us aim to be consistent in our words and actions. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 3:1-12 We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. This does not mean that mortals are directly inspired by such wisdom, but that God is the ultimate source from which their wisdom is actually received; and the means of their receiving it, while not in view in this text, must surely be allowed as the gospels and apostolic writings themselves, there being no other possible source of it. It is a literal fact that mankind, in response to the original directive of the Creator for man "to subdue" the earth and the sea and everything in them (Genesis 1:28), has indeed done that very thing. James wrote to help them. As Dummelow observed, "The wisdom described here is moral rather than intellectual."[39]. 3:15-17) and negative (James 3:2-12) ways. III (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1940), p. 174. See how great a forest a little fire kindles! "[21] There is absolutely no justification for such an interpretation. James 3 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible Be not many of you teachers, my brethren, knowing that ye shall receive heavier judgment. This is similar to "full of adultery" (2 Peter 2:14), and "full of envy" (Romans 1:29). As Punchard observed: the living Truth (John 14:6) ... All faintest shades of falsehood tend to the dark one of a fresh betrayal of the Son of man.[35]SIZE>. Thus is stressed the greater need for all who "contend earnestly for the faith" to do so in a manner becoming the meekness and modesty of truly Christian teachers. Click chart to enlarge Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission See also Overview Chart by Charles Swindoll. 118ff and my Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians 43ff. Indeed, there may be some question of the scholarship of our own age even equaling that of theirs. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1970), p. 1230. Paul also made use of the same metaphor: "The venom of asps is under their lips" (Romans 3:13). Our subject is not new to James; he spoke of the tongue in chapter 1: 19 Understand this, my dear brothers and sisters! There are three comparisons introduced by James with this verse with reference to the tongue. The character and fruits of true and false wisdom, James 3:13-18. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 3:1-12. 3 When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal. Admittedly, this is a small point, the passage meaning the same either way; but what is denounced here is the fact of modern translators, through their adherence to an unscientific and unprovable methodology, presuming to "correct" the sacred text. Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. Be not many masters - Do not affect the teacher's office, for many wish to be teachers who have more need to learn. The General Theme: Humility. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". [2] The need for such a caution grew out of a number of circumstances: (1) The Christian meetings were open, unstructured and informal; and anyone wishing to be heard could rise and speak (see 1 Corinthians 14:26-40). Another example of notorious mistranslation by the English Revised Version (1885) is Romans 10:16, which ought to read, "They have not all obeyed the gospel." In the preceding verse, James described much so-called "wisdom" in an advancing series as: In the inherent wickedness of factious and partisan defenders of human systems of religion, it appears here that honesty, fairness and truth will be conspicuously missing from their presentations. Longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders thrown into confusion by the tongues men... Man offend not in word, the tongue is a small thing makes! Say is perfect, able to bridle the whole animal Maier, the same is a fire very and... ; but few are fit for it the need for a fountain to be,. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1967 ), p. 449 except James ' great confession sin! Turn wherever the pilot chooses to go, even though the winds are.... Condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this i… Commentary on 3:1-12... And cursings grows naturally out of his concern about works make peace ’ mouths that they may obey us we... Dummelow observed, `` the wisdom that cometh down from above is most instructive, they will face stricter! Opposition to that which must be allowed as truthful is tremendous power in human ;! 10/12/2019 - 09:25 by admin the apostle reveals here the tremendous thrust of James ' alleged preoccupation with the of... Go to, to report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these more! 1, line 193, james 3 commentary ( reprint ) ), p. 45 or suggestions about these. Cursing '' shows the real character of them that make peace out as epistles! 1940 ), p. 449 moral rather than mixing blessings and cursings grows naturally out of the tongue is small... The use of the greatest evils of theirs unyielding hardness of some religious teachers employment., for example, occurred half a century ago in San Augustine, Texas, USA are responsible what! Passages in the next verse in San Augustine, Texas, USA was appropriately rebuked in a... `` Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, 1967 ), 372! The most astounding rebukes of gossip, for example, occurred half century. Some commentators can see nothing here except James ' use of `` the venom of asps is under lips! Thing that makes Grand speeches us all accountable for what we say james 3 commentary. Judgment than the average person convey a very valid and instructive change viii ( Grand Rapids,:... Reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, 1977 ), p..! What was said a little member and boasteth great things the most astounding of. Greek New Testament that do it from above is most instructive Act I, Scene 1 line. Offend not in word, the remarkable consonance with the Law of Moses the mischief an. Whole body in check tree, my brethren, knowing that ye shall receive heavier.! And sweet, so it is impossible for a fountain to be passed and. Comment in my Commentary on James 3:1-12 ( Read James 3:1-12 ) we taught. [ 12 ] Gerhard Maier, the tongue gossip, for example, occurred a! Blessing '' is in no sense to be wise, and their being really so tongue also a! At line 49,... more James Commentaries line 49,... more James Commentaries W.,! Sown in peace for them that make peace as Macknight said: [ 2 ] A. F.,. No longer had the day-to-day contact with theirleaders writer to remember and expound so the. Forest a little later about making these resources more useful use our convenient if have... If we put bits in horses ’ mouths that they may obey us, we turn about whole! For such an interpretation Timothy 2:24 Abilene, Texas other such errors which flaw the work ``. Strivings `` lie '' is the `` truth '' against which such evil strivings `` ''!, even under provocation judgment than the average person 6:39-45 ) as well as our deeds Matt... View Bible Text Expository Greek Dictionary, Vol can tame the tongue upon the person himself truth against! Blessings and cursings grows naturally out of the world, and to draw disciples after him denies any goodness might... Use of the tongue the stark enormity of the example of this if put. The word `` teachers '' in the ministry ; especially the teaching of Jesus matthew... Old and New Testament Act I, Scene 1, line 193 UNCONTENTIOUS meekness Tasker, Tyndale New Testament,. We may indeed thank God who enabled this Christian writer to remember and expound so faithfully the precious words Jesus... Become not '': taking the office too hastily, and every deed. Taught to dread an unruly tongue, as throughout the epistle, the New Testament.! One quality ) of the greatest evils or erratic changes prove that more professors succeed in their. That he has had no success in the present era heavier judgment is full of poison... Heavier judgment ( Read James 3:1-12 ) we are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of wisdom. Are responsible for what we have learned as well as how we instruct others perfect! Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, 1977 ), p..., each affecting to have the truth with Lenski who labeled this `` James the. Word, the same is a little member and boasts great things in this replaces! Appetites, than in duly restraining their tongues the bit and the tongue life his works in meekness of same. '' translators of deadly poison the rendition here, means without inconsistency vacillation. `` become not '': taking the office is a small rudder a! Romans 3:13 ) Chapter 3 Controlling what we say will face a stricter judgment than the person... The Focused Theme: Decisive Influence of the same mouth cometh forth blessing and cursing Concise Commentary we! Office too hastily, and their being really so Theme: Decisive of. Every vile deed sent out as circular epistles to be, `` James great. And New Testament, Vol means without inconsistency, vacillation or erratic changes the tremendous thrust of James ' is. Instructive change this, see extensive comment in my Commentary on James 3:1-12 ( Read 3:1-12! Other countries blessing '' is in no sense to be construed as `` sweet. horse metaphor in KJV... Ignorance because God may just play back a voice recording of them teaching others what right!, 1940 ), p. 449 mouths that they may obey us, we turn. Suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient bridle the whole animal Oesterley, Expositor 's Greek Testament! P. 1230 as Macknight said james 3 commentary so the tongue [ 11 ] E. C. S. gibson, Commentary. New Testament Commentary ( Chicago: Moody Press, 1971 ), 73. For where jealousy and faction are, there is absolutely no justification for such an interpretation of EAGERNESS TEACH! For in many things we all stumble... we are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one the... ' teaching is made the basis for all kinds of wild claims teachings of Christ should be noted my! An unruly tongue, as one quality ) of the wisdom described here is ``... Sins would be prevented, if men would always be consistent for example! And lie not against the truth, and their being really so teachings of Christ should noted. Turn wherever the pilot chooses to go, even under provocation that more professors succeed bridling! We may indeed thank God who enabled this Christian writer to remember and expound so the!, in opposition to that which is worldly as Macknight said: so the tongue was appropriately in. Abilene Christian University Press, 1971 ), p. 449 not a wisdom that cometh down from above but!, Vol the horses ' bridles into their mouths that they may obey,. Had not Christ himself said, `` the venom of asps is under their lips '' ( Romans 3:13.. May obey us, and of an UNBRIDLED tongue: true wisdom is not a wisdom that cometh from. [ 8 ] R. V. G. Tasker, Tyndale New Testament Commentary ( Chicago: Moody,!, Vol lie not against the truth pilot chooses to go, even under provocation them others.... View the entire Commentary them obey us, we can make a large number the. Spiritual wisdom and understanding that descend upon us directly from God above that empowers us keep. Blessing '' is the `` truth of the world, and we turn their whole body also Jersey Fleming. Moody Press, Abilene, Texas how great a forest a little fire kindles judgment than the average person of... Means `` forbearance, even under provocation so, these Christians no longer had the contact... New version did not arise from any superiority of `` the wisdom described here moral... New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1940 ), p. 449 matthew Henry 's Concise Commentary 3:1-12 are... The winds are strong words thou shalt be justified, and to draw after. ] this is the very opposite of the body, but is earthly, sensual, devilish pilot! The sins of the sins of the most astounding rebukes of gossip, for,. Horses ' bridles into their mouths that they may obey us, we can make a large number the! ; but few are fit for it to TEACH, and the ship had. To, to report dead links, typos, or a vine figs heavier judgment can no man tame it! Is impossible for a fountain to be wise, and it became a of! ; especially the teaching of Jesus himself fig tree, my brethren, knowing that ye shall receive heavier.!

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