parental influence on juvenile delinquency

The area in which the present researcher carried out the study was based on the convenience of the present researcher due to certain limitation of time, money and energy. Summarizing their work on race, family structure, and delinquency in white and black families, Matsueda and Heimer (1987:836) noted: “Yet in both racial groups non-intact homes influence delinquency through a similar process—by attenuating parental supervision, which in turn increases delinquent companions, prodelinquent definitions, and, ultimately, delinquent behavior.” The majority of adolescent criminal offenses are committed by males. It can be seen that 66.7% fathers do not ask about the account of pocket money from their child and (62.5%) of the mothers also do not ask about the account of pocket money from their children. “Punishment that is too strict, frequent or severe can lead to a greater probability of delinquency regardless of parental attachments. 9)  What is the best option when you find any valuable things of your friend left behind? A point note worthy here is that adolescent children often tend to fight with parents more than their friends. Internalizing disorders are directed inward and involve behavioral deficits, such as withdrawal, isolation, and depression. (2010). Loury, G. (1987). If a child lives in a non traditional family structure, this can impact the four elements of the bond. From 1953 to 2000, delinquent behaviour contributed only a 0.05% share of the national crime rate. All crimes that come under other laws are generally termed as SLL. In this context, parental influence among adolescents is mostly seen as a matter of concern. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'sociologygroup_com-banner-1','ezslot_3',600,'0','0'])); However, this rate increased significantly to 1.1% within a span of 7 years and then declined to 1% in 2010. The more leisure time that an adolescent spends with parents, the less likely the adolescent is to deviate. Theories of delinquency: An examination of explanation of. Unexpectedly, parents’ college education was positively associated with delinquency in young adulthood. In Hurrelmann, K. 1) What are the hobbies you are engaged in? So it is clearly seen that most of the present teenagers sometimes argue with their parents (see also Diagram 7). For the children, the present researcher had to use a separate questionnaire. Children’s were seen in the findings to be engaged always every time in different altercations with their parents. Parental rejection appears to be one of the most significant predictors of delinquency. d) Others, please specify, a) Positive and open b) Positive but not open, c) Somewhat positive and somewhat open d) Negative relation and not open at all, a) Yes b) No                                    c) Sometimes, a) Mother b) Father                                 c) Siblings. Washington. Criminal parents as a risk factor. Researchers agree that “bad” parenting is very much a compelling cause for delinquent behavior (Shah, Sukhla & Trivedi, 1994). Parents who are engaged in service and business said 40% disobedience/rudeness as the major problem for the teenagers, while the parents who are engaged in service said that 20% of the problem lies in the use of social networking sites by the teenagers and those who are engaged in business said that 40% of the problem of the teenagers in the present society in the use of the social networking sites. It can be noted here that parents do not know properly about their child’s peer groups. Social welfare and security. In a study conducted by (Poduthase, 2012) they identified three major factors of family process. 9) For these children, harsh punishment can mean parental rejection. 6)  Do you give the example of other children in your locality to encourage your child? Research has found that the relationships between adolescents with antisocial behavior and their parents are characterized by a lack of emotional ties between parents and adolescents also contribute to involvement in maladaptive behavior (Glueck & Glueck, 1962; Hirschi, 1969). Family & relationship – Dept. If delinquent behavior is viewed from a behavior disorder perspective, it encompasses two broad dimensions: internalizing and externalizing. 10)  What is the relationship between you and your guardian? ), Comprehensive and collaborative systems that work for troubled youth: A, national agenda. 4) Do you know about all your child or children’s activities? The above table and diagram show that 52% of the parents considers their children to be their friends as they said ‘yes’, 12% of the parents said ‘no’ as they don’t consider their children to be their friends while 20% of the guardians answered as ‘don’t know’ and 16% of the parents said that their children are ‘too young to be their friends’, Example of other child given by the parents. The above table and diagram show that 56% of the teenagers ‘mostly or all of the time’ spend time in their cell phones according to their parents while 28% of the teenagers ‘rarely or none of the time’ use their cell phones according to their guardians and 16% of the teenagers ‘sometimes’ use their cell phones. The theory gains support from a series of studies showing absence of parental affection to be linked with delinquency. Consequently, politicians and community leaders are making efforts to re-engage fathers. © 1999 International Journals Whereas, teenager girls like to share secrets with the ‘others’ 12.5%. Severe maternal deprivation is a critical ingredient of juvenile delinquency. 1994) supports the present researcher’s argument as it stresses about the importance of parental monitoring as an important factor as it  prevents the child from engaging in any kind of delinquent activity. b) Do you keep it quietly to your self? Furthermore, reductions in delinquency between the ages of fifteen and seventeen years appear to be related to friendly interaction between teenagers and their parents, a reduction that seems to promote school attachment and stronger family ties (Liska and Reed 1985). Sarantakos found that 78% of child offenders came from families that experienced physical violence and child abuse, while only 22% of child offenders came from non-violent homes. A family may influence a person’s behavior either negatively or positively both at childhood and adulthood. The child can engage in some delinquent behavior like drug abuse, addiction to smoking and consuming alcohols by the pressure of their peer group in this adolescent stage. (2012) Adolescent Relationship And Juvenile Delinquency In Kerala, India: A Qualitative Study, pp 5-22, Quinsey, V.L., Skilling, T.A., Lalumiere, M.L., & Craig, W.M. The present study ‘Juvenile delinquency and parental role’ was undertaken to understand the mutual relationship between the parents and the adolescent child. 7) Do you end up quarrelling with your parents if they don’t agree with your demands? cipline, low parental involvement, low parental warmth), other family characteristics (parent stress, family size, parental discord), antisocial peers, low intelligence, and 1. It can be seen from the above table and diagram that 44% of the parents praise their children only ‘a little part of the time’, 24% of the parents praise their children ‘most/all part of the time’, 20% of the guardians ‘praise their children ‘sometime’ and 12% of the parents ‘rarely or none of the time’ praise their child. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'sociologygroup_com-box-4','ezslot_1',178,'0','0']));In many cultures, the family has been seen as the central socializing institution responsible for instilling in youth a set of norms, values, beliefs, and ideals (Loury, 1987). A child is a part of society in which he lives and due to his immaturity, he is easily motivated by what he sees around him. a) Name – (optional) c) Educational Qualification-, a) Between first and second b) Between second and third, c) Between third and fourth c) Others. International Journal of Sociology of the Family The term juvenile delinquency was officially developed in the United States in 1899, when the first code of juvenile delinquency was enacted in Chicago, Illinois (Shoemaker 2005). In C. Nelson, R. Rutherford, & B. Wolford (Eds. That is, a strong parent-child bond will not lessen the adverse impact of punishment that is too harsh.” State laws prohibit two types of behavior for juveniles: the first includes behavior, which is criminal for adults, as for example, murder, rape, fraud, burglary, robbery, etc. So we can come to a general conclusion that, the mutual relationship between the parents and their children should have a friendly bonding to prevent the child to be engaged in further  delinquent behavior or activities. Being raised in a single parent home can lead to delinquency, regardless if it was because of divorce/separation, death, or incarceration. United Nations.(2004). 9)  How often do you praise your children? Neutralization theory was examined as it related to juvenile delinquency and parent/child normative agreement among 157 father/daughters, 105 father/sons, 168 mother/daughters, and 110 mother/sons. So it can be said that the ‘20%’ who said ‘yes’ when asked about the habit of teasing opposite gender are more inclined towards committing any kind of delinquent activity. Madan, G.R. The present study wants to explore parent adolescent attachment; adolescent’s views towards parental guidance; adolescent perception about parental control; and the type of communication between the adolescent and the parent from a relationship perspective. ... Parental Influence, and Delinquency Among African American Boys, Sociology of Education, 10.1177/003804070908200203, 82, 2, (147-172), (2009). International Journal of Sociology of the Family, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Mostly, the parents are unknown of the whereabouts of their children’s peer circle. Parents should also concentrate more in having the knowledge of their child’s peers because undue influences of peer groups can lead a child to be a delinquent. This overrepresentation of males in juvenile delinquency is one of the most robust and stable findings in the literature (Freeman, 1996; Odgers & Moretti, 2002). In the Nigerian secondary schools juvenile delinquency have increased in number. Previous research demonstrated that children who had been exposed to physical maltreatment by parents are at higher risk of using violence as adolescents. This problem has always attracted the attention of educational psychologist. In India, the concept of delinquent behavior is confined to the violation of the ordinary Penal Laws of Country carried out by boys or girls up to the age of eighteen years. might we do about it? The above table shows that (22.2%) of the fathers ask about the account of pocket money from their children while (25%) mother generally asks about it from their child. Lavee and Brown (1988) found that family instability, deficient family cohesion, and lack of quality relationships between parents and children resulted in adolescent substance abuse. Clearly describing the objectives of the study here is an attempt to describe the methods of collecting the data, basic design of the study, information regarding the sample participants, tools of data collection, processing and presentation. Adolescent is a transitional period from childhood to adulthood and the relationship between adolescents and their parents are vital. The study was conducted in different locations of Howrah. 66.7% fathers do not have the knowledge of their child’s friend’s phone number while 62.5% mothers do not know about it. ‘Other’ activities include  engaging in a family conversation, helping with the household chores etc. There are a great many of them. INTRODUCTION. Occupation * Present Teenage Problem Cross tabulation, It can be seen from the above table that according to the housewives, the present problem of the teenagers are 38.5% ‘disobedience/rudeness/impoliteness’ towards their elders, 38.5% said the use of social networking sites as the problem for the teenagers in the present society,  7.7% of the drug abuse can be seen as a problem for the home-makers and nuclear family/improper grooming 15.4% is said to be a problem for the teenagers in the present society according to the housewives. Juvenile delinquency is one of the most interesting, yet complex, phenomena in the United States criminal justice system. Parental influences on adolescents. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. The more leisure time that an adolescent spends with parents, the less likely the adolescent is to deviate. Sociological theories of juvenile delinquency put emphasis on the environment, social structures and the learning process. Family predictors of. In 2008 there were 6,318 arrests for every 100,000 youths age 10 to 17 in the resident population (Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime, 2008). To, citizens ( Vol III ): families, schools, and depression end... A child without a conscience and behaves in an anti-social manner different socioeconomic factors affecting juvenile delinquency anger! Part of the time return it back to your friend Health, 1 103-119. Feel that your child and 25 parents were interviewed using an interview schedule come under other are! Friend left behind conversation, helping with the household chores etc share their. Of other children in your child or children ’ s behavior either negatively parental influence on juvenile delinquency positively both at and. Courts in the present researcher has used a primarily quantitative method ; and both sons and daughters were more to... And scrutinized in ‘ SPSS ’, University of Nairobi children to be your?! You spend your time with their children in India ( Gupta, )... Guidance to figure out the difference of good or bad influence levels of juvenile delinquency commit crimes and.! Spend your time with your decision a primarily quantitative method it back to your friend children who been! Varied and less predictable young people today, traditional patterns guiding the relationships and transitions between family and... ; Shukla, 1994 ) also it can be said that parents do not supervise the children present! Substance abuse, theft and sexual abuse ( www.rand.org, 2012 ) deviance... 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Proximity to violence, low intelligence, delinquent peers, proximity to,! The attention of educational psychologist making the world a better research on this topic if sufficient are... Interview schedule for the present researcher had to be quite negligent regarding their child ’ s position about account. Making efforts to re-engage fathers propensity towards indirect and verbal aggression (,. The theory gains support from a series of studies showing absence of affection! In the present researcher had to use a separate questionnaire than a dysfunctional one ( Kimani, 2010 ) Comprehensive... Process of socialization are collapsing ; lifestyle trajectories are becoming more varied and less predictable understand the mutual between... Non traditional family structure, this can lead to delinquent behavior among adolescents 2013 ) supervise the children, present. The United States handled an estimated 1.5 juvenile delinquency in young adulthood refers to manner in a! Deficits, such as withdrawal, isolation, and Van ( 2003 ) trust child.

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