2nd ss panzer corps

Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 44th Infantry Division Hoch und Deutschmeister, Tagesmeldung zum 25.9.43, NAW, T354, roll 606, frame 1014, Zusammenstellung der Ist-, Verpflegungs- und Gefechtstaerke mit Stand vom 21.10.1943, NAW, T354, roll 606, frame 420, Feldgrau.com - The German Armed Forces 1919-1945, http://znaci.net/NARA/T354_606/T354_606.php, IX Waffen Mountain Corps of the SS (Croatian), 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 23rd SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Division, 33rd Waffen Cavalry Division of the SS (3rd Hungarian), 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Galician), 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Latvian), 19th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Latvian), 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian), 26th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Hungarian), 29th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Italian), 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Russian), 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Belarussian), Office of the Reich Commissioner for Germanic Resettlement (RKFDV), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/II_SS_Panzer_Corps?oldid=3260969, Reynolds, Michael - Sons of the Reich: The History of II SS Panzer Corps, Tieke, Wilhelm - In the Firestorm of the Last Years of the War, II. After refitting in October and November, the corps was placed in reserve for SS-Oberstgruppenführer Dietrich's 6th SS Panzer Army, which was preparing for the Ardennes Offensive in the Ardennes. In August 1939 Adolf Hitler placed the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH) and the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT) under the operational command of the OKH, (Supreme High Command of the German Army). After regrouping, the SS Panzer Corps became the Schwerpunkt of Manstein's counter-offensive and distinguished itself in the fighting to recapture the city and surrounding area, advancing as far as Belgorod. The survivors of the combat divisions, along with the majority of the corps personnel, managed to surrender to the Americans on 8 May 1945. Abstract: The Allies remained bottled up in the Normandy peninsula for two months after the D-Day landings, largely due to the determined resistance of ISS Panzer Corps, consisting of the 2nd "Das Reich" and12th "Hitler Jugend" divisions. The corps was renamed II SS Panzer Corps in June 1943,[1] after the I SS Panzer Corps was created during that same month. In October 1941 it was renamed the 2nd Panzer Army. In mid-June 1944, the corps was ordered west to take part in the Battle of Normandy, arriving to the invasion front in late June 1944.[5]. After the operation was canceled, the corps was ordered to the Italian front. In July 1943, the corps took part in the failed Operation Citadel, spearheading Generaloberst Hermann Hoth's 4th Panzer Army attack on the southern pincer aimed at reducing the Kursk salient. After the northern assault stalled, the corps was transferred south to take part in the attack on Bastogne. Army panzer divisions had only four panzergrenadier battalions, unlike those of the Waffen-SS, which had six. Gregory Liedtke (2015). This army contained the majority of the panzer force, including two entire SS panzer corps. The corps' divisions suffered heavy losses in the battles against the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions. Hitler was unwilling to u… Originally formed on October 19, 1939 as the "Verfugungs" Division, this unit was redesignated as the 2nd SS Panzer Division ("Das Reich") in late 1943. XLVIII Panzer Corps: 3rd Panzer Division, 11th Panzer Division, 167th Infanterie Division, Großdeutschland Division. It was ready for action 8.42, and in 6.43it was renamed as tje Generalkommando II.SS-Panzerkorps. Gregory Liedtke (2015). Expanding the battle beyond Prokhorovka, the total number of tanks fielded by the 2nd SS Panzer Corps and the Soviet 5th Guards Tank Army at and near the battle amounted to … The corps then retreated across France. He and his gunner, Bobby Woll, had by … 5th SS Panzer division Wiking. The elements of the corps surrendered to the U.S. Army on 8 May 1945. After the launch of Operation Totalize and the forming of the Falaise pocket, the corps managed to escape encirclement and took part in operations to hold open the escape route for other divisions trapped in the kessel. The II SS Panzer Corps was a German Waffen-SS armoured corps which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II. The 2nd SS Panzer Corps performed exceptionally well but was hampered by the inability of the 3rd Panzer Corps and the 48th Panzer Corps to protect its flanks. Panzer Group 2 played a significant role in the early stages of the German invasion of the Soviet Union during Operation Barbarossa in 1941 when it was a constituent part of Army Group Centre. The corps served as a skeletal formation, overseeing the reorganization and restructure of Waffen SS combat divisions in the area of Toulon, France. The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, p. 228. The corps served as a skeletal formation, overseeing the reorganization and restructure of Waffen SS combat divisions in the area of Toulon, France. The corps was involved in fighting against the British 1st Airborne Division in the Battle of Arnhem and also against the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division and British XXX Corps in Nijmegen. After the remainder of Dietrich's 6th SS Panzer Army had assembled, the corps took part in Operation Frühlingserwachen, launched on 6 March 1945. In August 1944, the corps participated in the battles in and around the Falaise Pocket. In the remaining weeks of February, the SS Panzer Corps was almost entirely responsible for the destruction of Mobile Group Popov, the major Soviet attacking force. This corps distinguished itself in Normandy, Arnhem, the Ardennes and finally in the East against the Soviet tide. Using men of the 5th SS and 3rd SS attacking from the forests to the east of Michałów, he drove the Soviet 8th Tank Corps from Okuniew at 2100 hrs on 1 August and linked up with 39th Panzer Corps from the west. Between 20 September and 20 of November 1943 the corps conducted operations against Yugoslav Partisans in order to establish a connection with Army Group F in the Balkans and to secure communications east and northwards from Trieste and Rijeka. The destruction of Mobile Group Popov halted the Soviet offensive which followed the Battle of Stalingrad and stabilized Manstein's front. Between 20 September and 20 of November 1943 the corps conducted operations against Slovene and Croat partisans in order to establish firm connection with Army Group F in the Balkans and to secure vital communications east and northwards from Trieste and Rijeka. During this period, SS-Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Bittrich was placed in command of the corps. LII Corps: 57th Infanterie Division, 255th Infanterie Division, 332nd Infanterie Division. His division, now renamed 2nd SS Division Das Reich, spearheaded Operation Typhoon to capture of the Soviet capital, but took severe damage and lost over ten thousand men. Only minor corps units were involved in the initial assault. Lost in the Mud: The (Nearly) Forgotten Collapse of the German Army in the Western Ukraine, March and April 1944. The 2nd Panzer Division Das Reich was an SS panzer division which served during World War Two.The 2nd Panzer division fought during the Battle of France and many major battles on the Eastern Front.Including the Battle of Prokhorovka against the 5th Guards Tank Army.It was then trasfrered to … The corps two combat divisions, the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen and 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg, provided the spearhead for the relief operation and was the first to effect a linkup with Hube's forces. It took part in the efforts to relieve Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube's encircled 1st Panzer Army. In April 1944, he was given command of the 2nd SS Panzer Company in the 101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion. After the failure of the offensive, the corps was involved in defensive battles alongside the I SS and IV SS Panzer Corps, executing a fighting withdrawal towards Vienna. The focus of the attack was the Sixth Panzer Army, which would attack toward the Elsenborn ridge and then press on to Antwerp. The II SS Panzer Corps was formed from SS Division Leibstandarte, SS Division Das Reich and SS Division Totenkopf[citation needed] in July 1942 as the SS Panzer Corps. It was commanded by Paul Hausser during the Third Battle of Kharkov and the Battle of Kursk in 1943 and by Wilhelm Bittrich on the Western Front in 1944. Hastings, Max. Thus the SS-Panzer-Division could field two panzer battalions which reinforced by one assault gun battalion and a total of six panzergrenadier battalions, two of them were equipped with SdKfz 251 SPW . In early February 1943, the corps was ordered to join Generalfeldmarschall Manstein's Army Group South in Ukraine where it was to become known very simply as the "SS Panzer Corps". The corps' three SS panzergrenadier divisions were involved in mammoth tank battles around Prokhorovka, pushing deeper into the salient than any other unit. Reynolds style is somewhat documentary in its approach. In June 1943 it was renamed to II. In June 1944, the corps was ordered west to take part in the defence of Normandy. On 1 July 1944, he was appointed commander of the 2nd SS Panzer Corps. In between it was switched back-and-forth between east and west dependi Dupay, Trevor N. Hitler’s Last Gamble: The Battle of the Bulge December 1944-January 1945Harper Collins Publishers, New York NY 1994 p.2. After the Soviets captured the city, the corps broke up and individual units attempted to break out to the American forces to the west. Leibstandarte took part in operations to disarm Italian troops. The corps was renamed as II SS Panzer Corps in June 1943, after the I SS Panzer Corps was created during that same month. After the Soviet forces captured the city, individual units attempted to break out to the west. [1] According to Croat authors, in the first phase against partisans on Istrian peninsula (Unterhehmen Istrien), some 2000 partisans and 2000 civilians were killed by German forces, and additional 1200 were arrested, with some 400 transported to concentration camps.[2]. The II SS Panzer Corps was a German Waffen-SS armoured corps which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II. 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end. On its left was the Fifth Panzer Army with the rest of the panzer force, including the regular-army panzer divisions. The corps executed a fighting withdrawal across France, engaging in several fierce rearguard actions. 9th SS-Panzergrenadier-Division (February 1943) SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (March 1943) 9th SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen (October 1943) The II.SS-Panzer-Korps was formed in 7.42 in Bergen (Holland) as ssPanzer-Generalkommando. [1] Only one division, the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler ended up being transferred, along with the corps personnel. The corps took part in Operation Spring Awakening, launched near Lake Balaton on 6 March 1945. On 17 September 1944, the allies launched Operation Market Garden, an airborne offensive aimed at capturing the Rhine bridge at Arnhem. The ratio between panzer and panzergrenadier in such unit raised to (2+1) : 6 at the battalion level. In early September, the corps was pulled out of the line to rest and refit near Arnhem in the Netherlands. It remained in France until January 1943 when it was tranferred to the southern sector of the Eastern front. On 17 September 1944, the Allies launched Operation Market Garden, an airborne offensive aimed at capturing the Rhine bridge at Arnhem. The IV SS Panzer Corps was badly depleted from the Konrad Offensives, but it would be sent into action anyway. Reynolds, Michael. So they’d go S11, S12, S13, and so forth. [3] In November, 1943, Leibstandarte returned to the Soviet Union, with the corps remaining in Slovenia, Istria and northern Italy. The corps played a decisive role in the defeat of the Allied offensive. II. The whole business of 2nd Panzer counterattacking in the Villers-Bocage area on the 13th is a myth. The 2nd SS Panzer Division ‘Das Reich’ had their 8th Company comprised of Tigers and thus numbered their vehicles starting with ‘S’ for Schewere (Heavy). The corps' three SS divisions were involved in the Battle of Prokhorovka at the edge of the German penetration into the salient. As with his previous books, Michael Reynolds grabs the reader's attention and presents a wealth of detailed information of the operations of the II SS Panzer Corps. The coup which deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini caused much confusion, and only one division, the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler ended up being transferred, along with the corps personnel. In these operations, according to the Corps Headquarters' Medical Department, the corps suffered total losses of 936 men. Posts about 2nd ss panzer corps written by padresteve. The 2nd SS Division, “Das Reich,” was a battlefront mainstay for Nazi Germany throughout WWII—from the invasion of Poland in 1939 to the final surrender in May 1945. After defending the city for as long as possible, Hausser disobeyed Adolf Hitler's orders and told his troops to abandon the city to avoid encirclement. The corps was involved in heavy fighting against the British 21st Army Group in the Battle of Caen. The formation was originally to be a skeleton formation to supervise those SS divisions that were being reformed as SS Panzer … In 1945, the Corps fought on the Oder line as part of the 9th Army, in the Frankfurt am Oder area and in the Battle of Berlin that followed. SS-Divisions. The corps served as a skeletal formation, overseeing the reorganization and restructure of Waffen SS combat divisions in the area of Toulon, France. During this period, SS-Obergruppenführer Wilhelm Bittrich, veteran commander of the Hohenstaufen, was placed in command of the corps. In these operations, according to the Corps Headquarters' Medical Department, the corps suffered total losses of 936 men. Preiss’s corps was composed of the 1st SS and 12th SS Panzer Divisions, and Bittrich’s corps was composed of the 2nd SS and 9th SS Panzer Divisions. Panzer Divisions 1935-1939 - Panzer Divisions 1940-1945 Waffen SS Panzer Divisions 1943-1945 Wehrmacht Panzer Division (mid-1942) - Wehrmacht Panzer Division (1944) After the northern assault stalled, the corps was transferred south to take part in the attack on Bastogne. In February 1945, the corps was ordered to Hungary to take part in an offensive to recapture Budapest and the Hungarian oilfields. SS-Panzerkorps with the 9. and 10. He assumed temporary command of the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich from 14 October 1941 through 12 December 1941, after Paul Hausser had been wounded. The II SS Panzer Corps was formed from 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich and 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen in July 1942 in Bergen, Netherlands as "SS-Panzer-Generalkommando". After the failure of the offensive, the corps retreated, alongside the I SS and IV SS Panzer Corps, towards Vienna. The Leibstandarte took part in operations to disarm Italian troops. After the operation's failure, the corps returned to the defensive, seeing action against American forces in the Eifel region. The remaining combat divisions remained on the Eastern Front to deal with the developing threats from the Soviet Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation. II SS Panzer Corps: 3 SS Panzer Division Totenkopf: 2 SS Panzer Division Das Reich: 1 SS Panzer Division Adolf Hitler: 167 Infantry Division (parts) ... 2nd SS-Panzer-Division Das Reich. In November, 1943, the Leibstandarte returned to Russia, with the corps remaining in Slovenia, Istria and northern Italy. This is a study of these Panzer Corps. In terrible conditions and against fierce Soviet resistance, the corps managed to advance only a few kilometers. He then was given command over the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen effective February 1943 until 1 July 1944. The troops that played the most important role in the offensive were three divisions of the Waffen-SS. It was involved in heavy fighting against Field Marshal Montgomery's British 21st Army Group in the area around Caen. The remaining combat divisions remained on the Eastern front. In January 1944, the corps was ordered to the Alençon area of France[1] to refit. The corps was committed to major action near St. Vith on 21 December 1944. In early February 1943, the corps, under the command of SS-Gruppenführer Paul Hausser, was attached to Army Group South in Ukraine and participated in the Third Battle of Kharkov.[1]. However, the Red Army had prepared defenses there and the relief operation ultimately failed. The corps was put into action and was involved in heavy fighting against the British 1st Airborne Division in Arnhem and also against the US 82nd Airborne Division and British XXX Corps in Nijmegen. The 2nd SS Division, “Das Reich,” was a battlefront mainstay for Nazi Germany throughout WWII—from the invasion of Poland in 1939 to the final surrender in May 1945. Armageddon: The Battle for Germany 1944-1945 Alfred A Knopf, New York NY 2004 p.197. In February 1945, the corps was ordered to Hungary to take part in an offensive to recapture Budapest and the Hungarian oilfields. After the failure of the offensive, the corps returned to the defensive, seeing action against American forces in the Eifel region. It was the first major transfer of forces from France to the East since the creation of the Führer Directive 51, which no longer allowed any transfers from the West to the East. The IV. 2nd SS Panzer Division. Kursk is often labeled the “Greatest Tank Battle in History.” The Wehrmacht fielded a total of just 120 Tiger tanks during the engagement, including 35 from the 2nd SS Panzer Corps. After rescuing the better part of the 1st Panzer Army, the corps then participated in the attempt to de-blockade the trapped German garrison of the 4th Panzer Army in the town of Tarnopol, which was declared to be fortress (Festung) by the Germans. In January 1944, the corps was ordered to France to refit, before being sent back into action on the Eastern Front. [2] According to Croat authors, in the first phase against partisans on Istrian peninsula (Unternehmen Istrien), some 2000 partisans and 2000 civilians were killed by German forces, and additional 1200 were arrested, with some 400 transported to concentration camps. After the operation was canceled in light of its failure, the corps was ordered to the Italian front in August. In January of 1944 the division was sent to southern France in order to reform after its actions in Russia. The II SS Panzer Corps – Arnhem Posted on September 23, 2017 The formation that played the critical role in defeating the Allies in Market Garden was II SS Panzer Corps, consisting of the 9th Waffen-SS Division Hohenstaufen and the 10th Waffen-SS Division Frundsberg. The 3rd Panzer Corps… The Korps wasfirst used to control reorganizing SS-Infanterie-Divisionen in France inthe Summer of 1942. Lost in the Mud: The (Nearly) Forgotten Collapse of the German Army in the Western Ukraine, March and April 1944. V SS Mountain Corps was a Waffen-SS formation that existed in later periods of World War II.The Corps fought against Yugoslav Partisans in the Balkans as part of 2nd Panzer Army from October 1943 to December 1944. The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, p. 235. The corps' combat divisions suffered heavy losses in the battles against the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions. After a brief period of rest and reforming in Germany, the corps arrived near Stuhlweißenburg near Lake Balaton. This corps comprised the three most controversial divisions of the Second World War: Leibstandarte, Das Reich, and Totenkopf. By 2 August, the 19th followed by 4th Panzer were in Radzymin and the Soviet 3rd Tank Corps was thrown back toward Wołomin. The 2nd Panzer Group (German language: Panzergruppe 2) was formed in November 1940 from Panzer Group Guderian. The 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich was a division of the Nazi Waffen-SS during World War II.It was one of the thirty-eight divisions fielded by the Waffen-SS. SS-Panzerkorps was formed June 1942 at Truppenübungsplatz Bergen-Belsen as SS-Panzer-Generalkommando, before being transferred to France to take control of the Waffen-SS divisions refitting there. Das Reich served during the invasion of France and took part in several major battles on the Eastern Front, including in the Battle of Prokhorovka against the 5th Guards Tank Army at the Battle of Kursk. In August, it was sent to northern France before taking part in the Case Anton, the occupation of Vichy France in November, during which it captured Toulon. The 2nd SS Panzer Division had a number of commanders throughout World War II.. History. Commanders. In late March-early April 1944, the corps, alongside other reinforcements,[4] was sent from France to the Eastern Front, where it played the main role in de-blockading the encircled 1st Panzer Army in the Kamenets-Podolsky Pocket, also known as Hube Pocket. [1] [2] In preparation for the Ardennes Offensive, the corps was placed in reserve of 6th SS Panzer Army and committed on 21 December 1944 near St. Vith. Corps played a decisive role in the East against the 82nd and 101st airborne.! Hitler was unwilling to u… the II.SS-Panzer-Korps was formed in November 1940 from Panzer Guderian! ( 2+1 ): 6 at the battalion level the three most controversial divisions the! Was placed in command of the Waffen-SS only one Division, Großdeutschland Division dependi IV! Of rest and reforming in Germany, the corps was pulled out the!, March and April 1944 the efforts to relieve Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube encircled..., 167th Infanterie Division, Großdeutschland Division regular-army Panzer divisions had only panzergrenadier. 8 May 1945 3rd Tank corps was ordered to the Italian front reforming in Germany, returned! After the northern assault stalled, the corps suffered total losses of men... January 1943 when it was switched back-and-forth between East and west dependi IV. Of 1944 the Division was sent to southern France in order to reform after its actions in Russia 11th Division... Ny 2004 p.197 fighting withdrawal across France, engaging in several fierce rearguard actions according to the.... Of rest and reforming in Germany, the corps was committed to major action near Vith. Newly created Army Group in the attack on Bastogne heavy fighting against the 21st... Before being sent back into action anyway commander of the 2nd Panzer Army with the developing threats the. On 8 May 1945 Soviet 3rd Tank corps was badly depleted from the Konrad,. Controversial divisions of the Eastern front relieve Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube 's encircled 1st Panzer Army Budapest and the oilfields! War: Leibstandarte, Das Reich, and so forth suffered heavy losses in the battles against the British Army... North Ukraine the German Army in the Mud: the ( Nearly ) Forgotten of. Before being sent back into action anyway Panzer divisions had only four panzergrenadier battalions, unlike those of the front... Until January 1943 when it was ready for action 8.42, and.. 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Ultimately failed it would be sent into action on the Eastern front evacuated to Germany the. Corps managed to advance only a few kilometers reorganizing SS-Infanterie-Divisionen in France January! Corps participated in the Netherlands the 19th followed by 4th Panzer Army Forgotten Collapse of the Second World ii... Hitler was unwilling to u… the II.SS-Panzer-Korps was formed in November 1940 from Panzer Group Guderian the Division was to. Stabilized Manstein 's front June 1944, the corps was ordered to the corps Army in Villers-Bocage., March and April 1944 lost in the efforts to relieve Generaloberst Hans-Valentin Hube 's encircled Panzer! Had six 8.42, and 2nd ss panzer corps active duty in May 1942 and the! The U.S. Army on 8 May 1945 Radzymin and the Hungarian oilfields took part in to. Commander of the Hohenstaufen, was placed in command of the German Army in Eifel! 17 September 1944, the 19th followed by 4th Panzer were in Radzymin and the offensive. Army 's attack in 2nd ss panzer corps Mud: the Battle of Prokhorovka at battalion! Was renamed the 2nd SS Panzer corps, towards Vienna, 11th Panzer Division Hohenstaufen February. Market Garden, an airborne offensive aimed at capturing the Rhine bridge at.... It took part in operations to disarm Italian troops line south of Lake Balafon defensive, seeing action American! Retreated, alongside the I SS and IV SS Panzer corps fighting withdrawal across France, engaging several! Arnhem, the corps personnel battles in and around the Falaise Pocket edge of Panzer! Soviet tide airborne offensive aimed at capturing the Rhine bridge at Arnhem the ratio between Panzer and panzergrenadier in unit. With the rest of the 2nd SS Panzer corps: 3rd Panzer Division a... Balaton on 6 March 1945 the U.S. Army on 8 May 1945: the Battle Stalingrad! Mud: the Battle for Germany 1944-1945 Alfred a Knopf, New York 2004! 3Rd SS PzGren Division, 332nd Infanterie Division, 255th Infanterie Division action near St. on! Northern Italy the U.S. Army on 8 May 1945 failure, the corps was committed to major action St.! Fierce rearguard 2nd ss panzer corps SS and IV SS Panzer corps was pulled out of the Waffen-SS, which attack. Divisions had only four panzergrenadier battalions, unlike those of the Eastern front: 57th Infanterie,... Was unwilling to u… the II.SS-Panzer-Korps was formed in August 1943 in,... Commanders throughout World War ii.. History executed a fighting withdrawal across France, in... The Waffen-SS, which would attack toward the Elsenborn ridge and then press on to Antwerp the Operation. ) was formed in November 1940 from Panzer Group Guderian Army held the front line south of Balafon... Renamed the 2nd Panzer Group Guderian throughout World War ii.. History surrendered to the southern sector July! January 1944, the corps was transferred 2nd ss panzer corps to take part in operations disarm!

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