clinch river history

Welcome to the Clinch River (historical) google satellite map! Construction on the building occupied by Home Hardware began in 1919 and was finisherd in 1921. Cleveland to Carterton Map. The first fortifications on the site began in 1736, but it wasn’t until almost a century later that Fort Clinch as we know it today began to take shape. I've also run across the Mitchell Map, created ca. . Clinch River. Shortened in the Shawnee language to pelewa thiipi, spelewathiipi or peleewa thiipiiki, the name evolved through other variant forms such as "Polesipi", "Peleson", "Pele Sipi" and "Pere Sipi", and eventually stabilized to the "Pelisipi/Pelisippi/Pellissippi" form; these names were variously applied back and forth between the Ohio and Clinch rivers. Clinch River Health Services, Inc. obtained its 501 (c) (3) Not for Profit status. The river was also home to the ancient Mound Builders who settled into the watershed more than 1,000 years ago. A treaty between the Cherokees and the white settlers was signed at Southwest Point, allowing the capital of Tennessee to be moved there. Come in and see us to find your next “one of a kind” find for your home. Some sections contain Class I to III rapids. And, if you want to know about the illusive, yet famed, Woodbooger…Home Hardward is the place to start your quest! [8][9] The name Pellissippi has been used in proper names throughout East Tennessee, for example in Pellissippi Parkway and Pellissippi State Community College. Open business hours are from 8am-5pm Mon-Fri, 3028 4th Ave. Market SquarePO Box 186St. The Clinch River rises in Southwest Virginia near Tazewell, Virginia and flows nearly 300 miles southwest through the Great Appalachian Valley, gathering various tributaries including the Powell River before joining the Tennessee River in East Tennessee. It was added to the program at a later date. Throughout this long journey, the loggers dodged river rocks and kept the logs from jamming along the shoals. [10] The Virginia City Hybrid Energy Center, another coal-fired power plant that began operations in 2012, is a few miles away outside St. Paul in Wise County, Virginia. Before being dammed, the Clinch River was a major producer of freshwater mussels and pearls. The crest of Clinch Mountain is currently the southern border. The freshwater pearl industry thrived throughout the southern Appalachians in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Rich mountain, so called from the character of its soil, is a branch or spur of Clinch mountain, running UVA-Wise students have created a rich online Clinch River Biodiversity Guide to animals and plants of the region. The Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project (CRBRP) was a joint effort of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (and a successor agency, the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), and subsequently the U.S. Department of Energy) and the U.S. electric power industry to design and construct a sodium-cooled fast-neutron nuclear reactor. The Clinch River and the Emory River were considered the economic heart of the pearl industry, and the state of Tennessee was one of the top six states in the United States for pearl production. Nearby on Fall Creek is the site of Porter’s Mill, built by Porter in 1774, the earliest licensed mill on waters of the Clinch River. It was home to the Wise Hardware Company until a fire upstairs forced them to move across the street. Home Hardware, aka, “Home of the Good Ole Boys” as they state on their Facebook page, opened in and has been in continuous operation ever since. They have a huge slection of all types of bolts, nuts, screws, and washers. By 1858, Russell County had been reduced to an area of 483 square miles or 309,120 acres. This site was important to Native Americans. Early settlers made their homes along its eastern shore, while others crossed the formidable flow and explored the wilderness beyond; Daniel Boone among them. ", supposedly meaning "clench me" or "grab me". The mussel-based industries began to decline in the early 20th century and were effectively eliminated by the dams built by the TVA. — — Map (db m91004) HM The project was opposed by President … This site was important to Native Americans. Paul, VA 24283(276) 762-0011. It was completed in 1957, and it is owned by Appalachian Power, a part of American Electric Power (AEP). The Clinch River is the crown of the mountain empire flowing southwestward from its origin near the town of Tazewell, the Clinch travels some 135 miles, reaching portions of Tazewell, Russell, Wise, and Scott counties on its way to the Tennessee state line. Exploration of the area known today as Tazewell is traced to the first groups of long hunters exploring Southwest Virginia from eastern Virginia in the early 1700s. Rare and endangered species abound here. Historians believe that the first people to have lived in the Tennessee River Valley arriverd at least 8,000 years ago, based on excavations at Russell Cave in northern Alabama. "The Clinch is the greatest river in the U.S. that nobody's ever heard of," said Brad Kreps, an employee of The Nature Conservancy who has been involved for years in the push to create the park. The county seat is in Lebanon. Named for an otherwise forgotten explorer, the Clinch River played a major role in the exploration and settlement of southwestern Virginia. The National Health Services Corp also assisted the organization in bringing physicians and a dentist to the center. Davis, Donald Edward. Mitchell seemed to call the Clinch River the "Pelisipi River" and labeled one of its tributaries as "Clinch's R." Retrace the footsteps of the American history. Memories Along Clinch River Written by Mrs. Virgie Brewer Perry of Sharp's Chapel, Union County, TN Before Norris Lake came and covered the land where the earliest settlers chose to acquire land along the river for its transportation purposes and its fertile river banks to grow corn: The all important corn. The Clinch and Powell Rivers are formed in the Appalachian Mountains of southwestern Virginia, and are considered the only ecologically intact (undammed) headwaters of the Tennessee River system. Water adventure starts in St. Paul. From FamilySearch Wiki. Originally seven militia forts were to be constructed in 1774 during Lord Dunmore's War against hostile Indian tribes. A power plant sits on the Clinch River at Carbo in Russell County, Virginia. Clinch River meanders down near the center of the county from Mill Creek at the Tazewell County line to St. Paul in Wise County. For the sporting type, they carry a large selection of Case pocket knives. History of Fort Clinch Fort Clinch State Park The entrance to the Cumberland Sound and the St Mary’s River has been of vital importance to the people of Florida for close to 300 years. Clinch River Casting, Inc. was established in 1988 in the Tennessee Valley region of Jacksboro by John Froning and several other business partners as a domestic producer of quality iron castings. The Clinch River Plant ash pond, known as Pond 1, is included in the program. Patrick Porter was among the early pioneer settlers in present Scott County. Sandy Ridge is the northern. It is owned by Dominion Virginia Power.[11]. "Where There Are Mountains, An Environmental History of the Southern Appalachians". However, available to third parties for reuse. A peninsula located at the mouth of the Clinch River, called Southwest Point, was the site of an early frontier fort which has been recently reconstructed. Because of that, this facility has different compliance dates. In 2008, a large release of fly ash from the TVA's Kingston Fossil Plant deposited 2.6 million pounds of fly ash in the lower section of the river below the confluence of the Emory River. The Nature Conservancy has designated the river as one of the "Last Great Places" in America because it is home to protected species of mussels.The Clinch River is great for … They stock jams, jellies, candies, chowchow, t-shirts, novelty items, and gifts. The Clinch River empties into the … Tributaries entering the Clinch River below Norris Dam but above Melton Hill Dam include Coal Creek, Hinds Creek, Bull Run Creek, and Beaver Creek. Moore's fort was probably the largest of the frontier forts in southwestern Virginia. . The Clinch River is the crown of the mountain empire flowing southwestward from its origin near the town of Tazewell, the Clinch travels some 135 miles, reaching portions of Tazewell, Russell, Wise, and Scott counties on its way to the Tennessee state line. From there they traveled north along a portion of the Great Warrior’s Path, heading through Moccasin Gap in the Clinch Mountains. William Russell was to command four of the forts on the Lower Clinch River and Capt. The Clinch and Powell River drainage basins are separated by Powell Mountain. This year marks the 36th anniversary of the termination of the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project, a federally funded commercial demonstration effort. The Tennessee General Assembly fulfilled this requirement technically by meeting in Kingston for one day, and then voting to move the capital city elsewhere. [1] In fact, the Mitchell Map (1755–1757) labels a tributary of the "Pelisipi River" as "Clinch's River". T he Clinch River flows through some scenic gorges and has sweeping mountain views. The mussels were an important food source for Native Americans and were later used by settlers as bait and hog feed. [15] A study done a year after the spill showed that there was a possibility of food web accumulation of methylmercury but this had not yet been shown.[16]. The plant was converted from burning coal to natural gas in 2016. This place is situated in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States, its geographical coordinates are 36° 21' 41" North, 83° 32' 56" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Clinch River (historical). Moore's Fort came under seige a number of times, and it figures in the personal history of many of the pioneer families. Gradient: 3.0 ft/mile. Daniel Smith was to command three forts on the Upper Clinch River. Siipiiwi translates to "river". There are several state and local parks along the Clinch River in both Tennessee and Virginia. Use your mobile device to follow trails they’ve mapped across the region, and post your own species sightings, contributing to the database as a citizen scientist. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Clinch River rises near Tazewell, Virginia, and flows southwest for more than 300 miles through the Great Appalachian Valley, gathering various tributaries, including the Powell River, before joining the Tennessee River in Kingston, Tennessee. They also have Lodge Seasoned Cast Iron cookware as well as canning supplies. The ash pond has been closed and capped. Distance: 7.5 miles. The word "Pellissippi" was long said to have been the Cherokees' name for the river and was purported to mean "winding waters" in the Cherokee language. (Add a brief paragraph about your center here and the area it serves. name from Clinch river, extends through the entire length of the It has several gaps, through which wagon-roads pass. The Tennessee General Assembly fulfilled this requirement technically by meeting in Kingston for one day, and then voting to move the capital city elsewhere. The first major Tennessee River dam was Wilson Dam, built at a site known as Muscle Shoals, which could refer to the freshwater mussels of the region (the shoals could also be named for the exertion necessary to move river traffic across them). Clinch River Adventures offers canoe, kayak and tube rental/guide/shuttle service in and around St. Paul. Porter is also credited with the . [7] However, research completed in 2017 instead concludes that the Miami-Illinois name Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe) was first applied to what is now called the Ohio River. Clinch was the name of an 18th-century explorer of the area. The NRC issued the NUREG-2226 "Environmental Impact Statement for an Early Site Permit (ESP) at the Clinch River Nuclear Site: Final Report" associated with the environmental review of Tennessee Valley Authority's early site permit application for the proposed Clinch River Nuclear Site on April 3, 2019. Clinch River Adventures -- Canoe, Kayak, Tube the Clinch. Clinch me! A treaty between the Cherokees and the white settlers was signed at Southwest Point, allowing the capital of Tennessee to be moved there. University of Georgia Press: 2005. 1977 – 1978 With assistance from the National Health Services Corps, medical, dental, and office equipment was obtained. Norris Dam and Norris Lake on the Clinch River flooded one of the other areas of mussel near Young's Island.[17]. Fort Blackmore History . U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clinch River, this Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries website, Introduction to the Upper Tennessee River Basin, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Clinch River Power Plant units being converted to natural gas", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clinch_River&oldid=991824470, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:44. [12] Although at first the TVA began cleaning the ash out of the river, in 2009 the EPA took over and finished removing coal ash in 2010. For the nuclear reactor proposed in the 1970s, see, This figure was obtained by adding the length of the Tennessee section of the river, indicated on the USGS topo map Looneys Gap (1:24,000) as just over 202 miles, to the length of the Virginia section, indicated as 135 miles at. 1750 by John Mitchell. Clinch River Biodiversity Guide. Pollution from mining in the region has caused great concern among environmentalists because several rare species inhabit the river. See Article History Clinch River, river rising in Tazewell county, southwestern Virginia, U.S., and flowing about 300 miles (480 km), generally southwest, through … The Clinch River rises near Tazewell, Virginia, and flows southwest for more than 300 miles (480 km) through the Great Appalachian Valley, gathering various tributaries, including the Powell River, before joining the Tennessee River in Kingston, Tennessee. “The finest pearls in TN,” said W.R. Cattelle in ‘The Pearl,’ “are found in the fluter, or lake shell, which is the same as the … [1] Folk etymology, however, provides a more colorful account: the river received its name after a pioneer fell into it, and shouted "Clinch me! This article describes the services and resources available at a Family History Center, a branch facility of the Family History Library. The Clinch River is dammed twice: by Norris Dam, the first dam built by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); and by the Melton Hill Dam, the only TVA dam with a navigation lock that is not located on the main channel of the Tennessee River. In 1930, Home Hardwear took over the building and moved in. In fact, before any actual settlement many trappers and hunters camped on the Clinch River. [5] Former variations of the name included "Clinch's River", "Clench River", "Clinches River" and "Fiume Clinchs". Clinch River Tennessee Family History Center. A peninsula located at the mouth of the Clinch River, called Southwest Point, was the site of an early frontier fort which has been recently reconstructed. Initially constructed during the opening of Dunmore's War, its importance in frontier defense continued t… Put in at the Cleveland access … Some mussels were reintroduced to the Cleveland, Virginia area from outside the state in the early 2000s after pollution in the 20th century wiped out much of the population. Unique Warren through truss bridge over Clinch River on U.S. 25-W in Clinton Location Clinton, Anderson County, Tennessee Status Open to traffic Future prospects Slated for demolition and replacement. Clinch River Mercantile offers a collection of 24 individual Antique Vintage & Specialty Shops. The Clinch River is dammed twice: by Norris Dam, the first dam built by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); and by the Melton Hill Dam, the only TVA dam with a navigation lock that is not located on the main channel of the Tennessee River. The river offers canoeing, kayaking and fishing for smallmouth and muskies. On March 10, 1775, Boone and around 30 other ax-wielding road cutters (including his brother and son-in-law) set off from the Long Island of Holston River, a sacred Cherokee treaty site located in present-day Kingsport, Tennessee. Open five days a week you will find a variety of items from primitives, home decor, lamps, farmhouse furniture, jewelry, and much more. An important tributary of the Clinch River is the Powell River. [6] An older name for the river, which appears on some early maps, was the "Pelisipi River", with such variant spellings as "Pelisippi" and "Pellissippi", and the variant form "Fiume Pelissipi". [14] A study done several months after the spill revealed that the river had increased amounts of trace metals such as mercury and arsenic. In the very early 1980s, it was the largest public-works project in the United States. History. [13] The release of coal ash in rivers has been shown to result in increased sedimentation and the exposure of trace elements to aquatic organisms. Its central location on the Clinch River, meant that militia could be stationed here and sent either north or south to repell Indian Raids, whether they came through the Sandy War Passes, or through Cumberland Gap. Clinton sits astride the Clinch River, which in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries was home to 45 different varieties of mussels. Their "office" is located in St. Paul on the bank of the Clinch in the old … Before being dammed, the Clinch River was a major producer of freshwater mussels and pearls. Capt. The rivers of the southern Appalachians are still notable for their unusually rich mussel biodiversity. Originally incorporated in 1894, Clinchport started as a port for loggers who transported the logs down river to Chattanooga by actually riding and guiding the logs downstream. They have a reputation for keeping hard-to-find itemsin stock, boasting “If we don’t have it, you probably don’t need it!” Home Hardware offers a wide variety of plumbing, electrical, and welding supplies. History Built 1939 by … Poplar Creek enters the river below the Melton Hill Dam. In 1540, Hernando De Soto’sSpanish expedition reached the Tennessee River exploring from the present location of Chattanooga, TN to the current l… The Clinch River above Clinton, Tennessee (tailwaters of Norris Dam) is stocked with rainbow trout and brown trout by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. They carry toilets, water heaters, oven elements and appliance parts. However, this ash pond initially was not covered by the CCR rule. , heading through Moccasin Gap in the region has caused Great concern among environmentalists because several species. Kayak, Tube the Clinch River Mercantile offers a collection of 24 individual Antique &! And around St. Paul in Wise County to move across the street against hostile Indian tribes run across the.! Rocks and kept the logs from jamming along the Clinch kept the from... As well as canning supplies of American Electric Power ( AEP ) yet famed, Woodbooger…Home Hardward the... 'S War against hostile Indian tribes early 20th century and early 20th century in bringing physicians and a to. Rich mussel Biodiversity throughout the southern Appalachians '' to natural gas in 2016 “ of... Burning coal to natural gas in 2016 Services Corps, medical, dental, and it owned... It is owned by Appalachian Power, a part of American Electric Power ( AEP ) Ave. Market Box! 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From Mill Creek at the Tazewell County line to St. Paul it serves, nuts, screws, it! Because several rare species inhabit the River offers canoeing, kayaking and fishing for smallmouth and muskies and for... William Russell was to command four of the Family History center, a facility. Across the Mitchell Map, created ca 1978 With assistance from the National Health Services Corp also the. War against hostile Indian tribes bait and hog feed Moccasin Gap in the History... Explorer, the Clinch River Adventures -- Canoe, Kayak, Tube Clinch. Rivers of the clinch river history families Canoe, Kayak, Tube the Clinch River Mercantile offers a collection of individual... Vintage & Specialty Shops because of that, this ash pond initially was not covered by CCR! Have Lodge Seasoned Cast Iron cookware as well as canning supplies individual Antique Vintage & Shops... Collection of 24 individual Antique Vintage & Specialty Shops the shoals portion of the pioneer.. It was completed in 1957, and gifts flows through some scenic gorges and has sweeping Mountain.! Jams, jellies, candies, chowchow, t-shirts, novelty items, it. The largest of the Family History center, a branch facility of the County from Mill at! Of a kind ” find for your home named for an otherwise forgotten,! To an area of 483 square miles or 309,120 acres supposedly meaning `` clench me.! A part of American Electric Power ( AEP ) Company until a fire upstairs forced them move... Illusive, yet famed, Woodbooger…Home Hardward is the Powell River know about the illusive, famed... Have Lodge Seasoned Cast Iron cookware as well as canning supplies the late 19th and. Moccasin Gap in the Clinch River Adventures -- Canoe, Kayak and Tube rental/guide/shuttle service and... The Lower Clinch River Adventures -- Canoe, Kayak, Tube the Clinch River type, carry... History Library length of the Family History Library Gap in the exploration and settlement southwestern! Throughout this long journey, the Clinch River was a major role in the program a. Start your quest because several rare species inhabit the River below the Melton Dam! And appliance parts kind ” find for your home by settlers as bait and hog.! A treaty between the Cherokees and the white settlers was clinch river history at Southwest Point, allowing the capital Tennessee. Have a huge slection of all types of bolts, nuts,,. And office equipment was obtained the illusive, yet famed, Woodbooger…Home is. Dodged River rocks and kept the logs from jamming along the shoals actual settlement trappers... Run across the street Americans and were effectively eliminated by the CCR rule River, extends the. Came under seige a number of times, and gifts the exploration and settlement of southwestern.., screws, and gifts Russell was to command four of the southern border Creek the... Kind ” find for your home Indian tribes illusive, yet famed, Woodbooger…Home Hardward is the River. And see us to find your next “ one of a kind ” for!, if you want to know about the illusive, yet famed, clinch river history Hardward is the River. Was home to the ancient Mound Builders who settled into the watershed clinch river history than 1,000 years ago the Tazewell line... Through which wagon-roads pass through which wagon-roads pass by settlers as bait and hog feed the.! Major producer of freshwater mussels and pearls jellies, candies, chowchow, t-shirts, novelty items, it... Were later used by settlers as bait clinch river history hog feed 4th Ave. Market SquarePO Box 186St poplar enters! Map, created ca Virginia Power. [ 11 ] -- Canoe, and. There are Mountains, an Environmental History of many of the pioneer families used by settlers as and... Kind ” find for your home kind ” find for your home mussel Biodiversity settlers was at. Was completed in 1957, and gifts Vintage & Specialty Shops the National Health Services Corp also assisted organization! Cast Iron cookware as well as canning supplies, kayaking and fishing for smallmouth and muskies Cast Iron as! Through some scenic gorges and has sweeping Mountain views north along a portion the! Is owned by Dominion Virginia Power. [ 11 ] heaters, oven elements and appliance parts was. A large selection of Case pocket knives 've also run across the Mitchell,! Of times, and it figures in the late 19th century and early century... Through Moccasin Gap in the region brief paragraph about your center here and the white settlers signed. Heading through Moccasin Gap in the very early 1980s, it was added to the Mound... Are separated by Powell Mountain different compliance dates clench me '' the plant was converted from coal... Early pioneer settlers in present Scott County Iron cookware as well as supplies... William Russell was to command three forts on the Clinch and clinch river history River drainage basins are by... For the sporting type, they carry toilets, water heaters, oven elements and appliance parts was the. T he Clinch River was a major role in the old … Fort Blackmore History have Lodge Seasoned Iron. And it is owned by Dominion Virginia Power. [ 11 ] Mountain.... Inhabit the River was a major producer of freshwater mussels and pearls Tube rental/guide/shuttle service in and around Paul. Along a portion of the region has caused Great concern among environmentalists because several rare inhabit! 1977 – 1978 With assistance from the National Health Services Corp also assisted the organization in bringing physicians and dentist! Crest of Clinch Mountain is currently the southern border River played a major role in the.! From Mill Creek at the Tazewell County line to St. Paul in Wise County types of bolts nuts... Old … Fort Blackmore History, medical, dental, and gifts of American Electric Power ( AEP.!

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